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Supporting Tribal Climate Change Adaptation Planning Through Community Participatory Strategic Foresight Scenario Development

Whyte, K. P., Dockry, M., Baule, W., & Fellman, D. (2014). Supporting tribal climate change adaptation planning through community participatory strategic foresight scenario development. Brown, D.; Baule, W.; Briley, L.

The topic of this project concerns the challenge of how specific Tribes can make plans for adapting to climate change in contexts of uncertainty in ways that ensure respect for Tribal sovereignty, protect Tribal cultures and harness cultural resources (such as traditional ecological knowledge), integrate the best scientific resources about environmental change, address emerging social problems, and negotiate jurisdictional and other legal challenges unique to federally--‐recognized Tribes. Foresight is defined as “knowledge or insight gained by studying future possibilities” and is often used to bring a broad long--‐term perspective to policy and decision making (Olavarrieta et al. 2014). We refer to processes of “making plans” under conditions of uncertainty as processes of “foresight.” A key aspect of foresight involves designing scenarios of what can be expected in the future. Tribes can use these scenarios as a starting point for reflecting critically on the degree to which they are prepared for dealing with the possible futures expressed in the scenarios.

Seven Indigenous Principles for Successful Cooperation in Great Lakes Conservation Initiatives

Whyte, K. P., Reo, N. J., McGregor, D., Smith, P., Jenkins, J. F., Rubio, K. A. (2017). Seven Indigenous Principles for Successful Cooperation in Great Lakes Conservation Initiatives. In Biodiversity, Conservation, and Environmental Management in the Great Lakes Basin. Routledge.

Academics, governmental and nongovernmental environmental managers, as well as policymakers, often seek practical guidance principles and specific strategies to improve partnerships with Indigenous peoples focused on conservation, ecological restoration, and environmental protection in the Great Lakes region. To develop such principles and strategies, we draw from our study, in which more than 40 representatives from Indigenous-led or –influenced partnerships in the Great Lakes Basin provided diverse ideas about the range of principles that support successful Indigenous participation.

Invasive Species, Indigenous Stewards, and Vulnerability Discourse

Reo, N. J., Whyte, K., Ranco, D., Brandt, J., Blackmer, E., & Elliott, B. (2017). Invasive Species, Indigenous Stewards, and Vulnerability Discourse. The American Indian Quarterly, 41(3), 201-223.

Indigenous peoples in the United States and Canada have a long history of dealing with environmental changes. They are acutely aware of invasive species in their territories and are actively responding in various ways as well. Indigenous nations' invasive species work is generally underreported in the literature but includes communication and education initiatives, scientific research that tests new stewardship strategies, ecosystem restoration through Indigenous knowledge, and adaptation of cultural practices to account for changing conditions, including incorporating introduced species into Indigenous food systems. Thus, Indigenous nations' responses to invasive species include all of the generalized steps taken by settler governments and NGOs plus some unique, culturally informed strategies reported in the literature; we describe these below.

Food Sovereignty, Justice and Indigenous Peoples: An Essay on Settler Colonialism and Collective Continuance

Whyte, K. (2017). Food Sovereignty, Justice and Indigenous Peoples: An Essay on Settler Colonialism and Collective Continuance. In Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics. Edited by A. Barnhill, T. Doggett, and A. Egan, pgs. 345-366. Oxford University Press.

Indigenous peoples often claim that colonial powers, such as settler states, violate Indigenous peoples' collective self-determination over their food systems, or food sovereignty. Violations of food sovereignty are often food injustices. Yet Indigenous peoples claim that one of the solutions to protecting food sovereignty involves the conservation of particular foods, from salmon to wild rice. This essay advances an argument that claims of this kind set forth particular theories of food sovereignty and food injustice that are not actually grounded in a static conception of Indigenous culture; instead, such claims offer important contributions to how settler colonial domination is understood as a form of injustice affecting key relationships that support Indigenous collective self-determination through food sovereignty. The essay describes some of the significant qualities of reciprocal relationships that support food sovereignty, referring widely to the work of Indigenous leaders and scholars and Tribal staff on salmon conservation in North America.